The city of Tizi is located approximately 80 km southeast of Oran, 70 km south of Mostaganem, 60 km north of SidonA 79 km east of Sidi Bel Abbes and 11 km southwest of Mascara by National Highway 7 (which was on the milestone in the village).

It extends over an area of ​​116 km2 and has a population of 14,474 inhabitants (in 31/12/2013). The population density is 125 inhabitants per km2.

The town of Tizi was installed in the plain of Eghriss qu'empruntait single track narrow gauge (1 m) connecting Oran Colomb-Bechar Kenadsa.

The nearest villages

on the westBou-Hanifia 16 km by a rough road, north-east of St Andrew Mascara (Khessibia) 8 km to the east, Froha 5 km to the south-west, Ain Fékan 13 km.

History:

The town of Tizi a recent existenceit was created in 1880 at the initiative of the General Government of Algeria by the French government therefore on land belonging to indigenous and distributed by the authorities and not confiscated by settlers.

Let no one forget that colonization is primarily the result of successive governments of the French State (whether MonarchyRepublic or Empire) who imposed by policies developed PARIS (and not ALGER ) with the consent of the elected representatives of the french people.

The non-indigenous population was composed of farmers and artisans mainly of French origin while the workers and employees of the railway Railways (Algerians and National Railway Company in Algeria) were of European origin primarily Spanish or Italian.

TIZI at the beginning ...

The creation of the center THIZY (THIZI, TIZIwhich means "COL" in the Berber language was made after many attempts, by order of the Governor General, dated 09/25/1879and ... after net "resistance" of the inhabitants of mASCARAThe village had been imagined at the outset of the neck Thizy Ain, where the firm was in 1962 WOLF!

Reading documents consulted for the time reported on the lists of the names of families who lived in the village, was it a time or have applied to be part of the members of the "population center"; we learn that some of them were simply "not allowed" or "not allowed, allowed to stand Trezel" or "recommended by the Prefect of Oran", the latter in particular anecdote affecting families and EGINARD DURANDLots of vines allocated by the state were under a free license ... after the draw between the members of a list of names drawn up by the administration, other applicants were "forgotten" and brought to sign a petition ...


There are also traces of the problems with the water, watering plans among the proprietors of gardens (each with 54 minutes per day, with such speed ...) the Ain Aruba with speed after bending of some time.
Our ancestors did not have to have the simple life for UP, HIGHLIGHTINGSUFFER climatic conditions and diseases; some metropolitan would probably another opinion SETTLERS taking note of the conditions in which this has been done, including "expropriations" of Aboriginal, about which there are some specific documents, sometimes delicious, the negotiations with the administration, bargaining ... for "grazing" .. which it was sometimes difficult to know who they really belonged.

May 15, 1879, the Governor General Albert GREVY came on site.

The town of Tizi was officially declared "independent" by decree of 10.06.1948 after having been part of the "mixed city" of MASCARA.

The Mayor's Public School


Location:

It is located south-west of the town of Mascara occupies the western end of the plain Ghriss

It is limited by:

- North of the town of Mascara and El Keurt

- In the south by the municipalities of Guerdjoum and Aïn Fekan

- To the east by the municipality of Froha

- A West by BouhanifiaEl-Guetna Commons.

ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE:

Désignation

Linear with (Km)

state

 National Road

NR 7

NR 17A

21.65

------

GOOD

PATH OF WILAYA

PW 76

PW 43 A

6.41

------

GOOD

Communal roads

rural road

country road

9.85

1.85

coated

coated

TOTAL

------------

39.76

------------

The rail network:

Tizi is served by the railway Mohamadia - Bechar which is grafted the narrow path Tizi Mascara.

WATER INFRASTRUCTURE:

WATER POTENTIAL:

Sources

NUMBER

m3 capacity

Observations

drilling

05

E4, E1, E29,E22 et E40

Water Tower

02

500 - 250

-------

tank

01

250

Fueled AS Senaissa

TOTAL

08

-----------

----------

SANITATION

There is a sewerage system in the chief place with a discharge point to the resort lagoonNetwork length reached 14.34

km.

For AS Senaissa, the network is a unit with outfall to the river Bouhanifia outdoors.

ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE:

Electricity:

agglomeration of capital, secondary agglomeration Senaissa and the rest of the town are connected to the grid. The county town is fed from a medium voltage line.

The electrification rate of the municipality is estimated at (99.28%) is slightly higher than the wilaya of Mascara which is (98.94%)

gas

The rate of gas connection to the city is estimated at Commune (96.41%) is significantly higher than that of the wilaya of Mascara which is (49.70%)

N° CONNECTED Logts 

Electricity connection rate (%)

N° CONNECTED Logts 

Connection rate

  gas


(%)

2318

99.20

820

96.41

Distribution of agricultural land in the municipality

Distribution of agricultural lands

  Superficie en Ha

Total agricultural area(TAA)

 10749

Utilisable agricultural land (UAL)

7706

Pastures and rangelands

2420

unproductive lands

383

forest lands

500

Types of speculation

Types of speculation

Acreage  IN Ha

cereals

4396

 Dry Forage

1020

Jachère

1171

Oléiculture

153

Agrumiculture

12

Arboricultures

139

market gardening crops

710

HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE:
geographical distribution

maternity

Health center

Therapy room

polyclinic

pharmacy

COMMUNE

1

1

02

1

02

RELIGIOUS EQUIPMENT :

7 Mosque

Koranic

Zaouia.

ADMINISTRATIVE FACILITIES:

Siege Daïra

Siege APC

urban Surete

Post and Telecommunications Agency

communal guard

Emergency Preparedness

OTHER FACILITIES:

Edilitaire, culture, and service and equipment related to the economy (factories etc ...)

Phone:  045.85.89.78

Fax: 045 85 80 49