According to the Executive Decree No. 95-333 of 25 October 1995 on the creation of the Forest Conservation wilaya and fixing its organization and operation, the conservation of forests in the wilaya of Mascara was created.

Objective of conservation:

Section 2 of Executive Decree No. 95-333 of 25 October 1995Forest Conservation of the wilaya's mission is to ensure the development tasks, administration, enhancement, protection and management of forest resources.

It is notament responsible for:

     Implement programs and measures for developement, protection and extension of forest wealth. 
     To organize and control the exploitation of forest products. 
     Follow in relation to other appropriate services, the prevention and fight against forest fires